Where do I take Exposure Reading?

Photographing a scene like the one below can be a challenge. There are bright areas and dark areas that can fool the camera’s meter. So where do you point the camera? Where do you take an exposure reading?

To get the right exposure you can point the camera at a gray card or something similar like a gray concrete walkway or the bark of a tree. Then set the camera to manual exposure mode and use the reading you just observed. You can go a step further by bracketing that exposure, that is, taking 1 or 2 under- and over-exposed shots.

I chose to point the camera’s central AF points to an area of the water that reflected the cloud overhead. That area was not dark nor too bright. I used the recommended exposure readings of 1/200 second and f/10. A wide angle lens set at 12mm was handheld for this shot. I decided to use ISO 100 rather than my preferred ISO 200 to get a lot of details.


A Quiet Spot at Tree Tops Park


Camera settings: ISO 400, 1/100s, f/7.1 12mm (Tokina 12-24mm f/4 lens)

7D Images from Pelican Harbor Marina

Pelican Harbor Marina is located on the north side of the 79th Street Causeway between Miami and North Bay Village. The marina is owned by Miami-Dade County and open to the public. The Pelican Harbor Seabird Station (PHSS) is located at the marina. It was founded in 1980 for “the purpose of caring for injured brown pelicans. Since then, PHSS has grown in to a nationally and internationally recognized center for seabird rehabilitation.”

Here are 3 images from the marina taken on October 20th.

PelicanHarborMarina_TH7288 PelicanHarborMarina-Pelican_TH7351 PelicanHarbor-RoyalTerm_TH7373

New Benches at Tree Tops Park

There are 2 shelters along the boardwalk at Tree Tops Park. Recently I noticed that the benches were rotting and falling apart. I am happy to report that the park has replaced them with shorter more sturdy benches. Here are two of four new benches at one of the shelters.


7D Images of a Canoe at Markham Park

I saw this canoe while I was at Markham Park today. It appeared abandoned so I took a few shots of it.

Canoe-MarkhamPark_TH7115 Canoe-MarkhamPark_TH7157 Canoe-MarkhamPark_TH7063

I shot all these images using ISO 100 to get a lot of details and the second and third images were shot at f/11 to help get most of the canoe is sharp focus. I used a Tokina 12-24mm f/4 lens for all these photographs.

7D image of the boardwalk at Fern Forest Nature Center

Fern Forest Nature Center in Coconut Creek Florida has a well built system of boardwalks that runs through part of the forest. From the boardwalk I have taken pictures of cardinals, Cooper’s Hawk and Pileated Woodpeckers.


I took the photograph below that shows sun flares or starburst as some call it. The settings are:

Tv (Shutter Speed) 1/400
Av (Aperture Value) f/ 14.0
ISO Speed: 200
Focal Length: 12mm on a Tokina 12-24mm f/4 lens


7D image of trees at Tree Tops Park

I saw a framed picture of trees on the wall of a Broward County Administrative office. The photograph was taken at Tree Tops Park. I liked the photo and decided to search out the location where it was taken.

The photograph may have been taken decades ago so it is not easy to say with certainty that I found the spot. However the image below comes close to that framed photo. Click on the image to get a larger view and to see what is pleasing about it.


Taking photographs in a wooded area where there is limited sunlight can be challenging. One suggestion is to get a reading off a sunlit bark of the tree or the ground, set your camera to manual exposure using that exposure and take a few shots with that setting and then over-expose by 1 and 2 stops. The settings I used for this image was 1/100 sec f/8 ISO 200 using a Tokina 12-24mm f/4 lens set at 20mm.

Canon Announces The Highly Anticipated Canon EOS 7D Mark II Digital SLR Camera

CanonEOS7d-MarkII MELVILLE, N.Y., September 15, 2014 – Canon U.S.A., Inc., a leader in digital imaging solutions, is proud to introduce the EOS 7D Mark II Digital SLR camera, incorporating professional features and quality in an affordable DSLR. Building upon the proven success of the EOS 7D camera, this new EOS model features a range of “EOS firsts” such as Dual DIGIC 6 Image Processors for superb image quality and rapid burst shooting up to 10 frames per second (fps), as well as Canon’s first 65-Point* All Cross Type autofocus (AF) system for compositional freedom and accurate, spot-on fast focus. Great for shooting indoor activities such as sporting events, concerts, or weddings, the camera’s impressive low-light shooting capabilities along with its up-to-10 fps high-speed shooting can capture a fast-break basketball dunk, a band’s encore performance, a bird in flight or wildlife in exceptional quality. In addition, the EOS 7D Mark II is the second EOS DSLR camera to incorporate Canon’s innovative Dual Pixel CMOS AF system for rapid and precise focusing of video as well as still images.

“With more processing power than any other EOS camera available today, the highly anticipated EOS 7D Mark II camera has everything serious photographers have come to expect from Canon’s DSLRs and more,” said Yuichi Ishizuka, president and COO, Canon U.S.A., Inc. “And, recognizing that for some, creative expression may expand beyond still photography, we continue to support these creative passions by offering new and innovative Full HD video capabilities, such as second generation Dual Pixel CMOS AF technology in the EOS 7D Mark II camera as well.” Read more

Reduced Price for Canon EOS 7D

When I bought the Canon EOS 7D 4 years ago the price for the Canon 7D (body only) was $1799. Right now you can get the Canon 7D for $300 less.

BEST BUY: Canon EOS 7D 18 MP Digital SLR Camera – $1499.99

B & H PHOTO: Canon EOS 7D 18 MP Digital SLR Camera – $1499.00

WalMart: Canon EOS 7D Black 18MP Digital SLR Camera (Body Only) – $1499.00

This is a great opportunity to own a very good camera. Its features include:

  • 18.0 Megapixels
  • 8fps Burst Mode
  • 3.0″ LCD
  • 100% Viewfinder
  • HD Video Recording
  • Dust & Weather Resistant
  • Self Cleaning Sensor
  • High Sensitivity (ISO 12800)

New Canon EOS 70D v 7D

Early this morning (July 2) Canon announced a new Canon camera, the EOS 70D. Almost immediately on the photo forums there is a comparison with the EOS 7D.

Follow the discussion here at Here are some of the comments:

1. “Regarding price comparisons, you cannot reasonably compare prices of a new 7D that is 4 years old to a newly announced camera. When the 7D first came out, it was $1700.

The best thing you can do is just wait out the release of the camera, and watch the reviews and comparisons that come out. My rule of thumb is usually to wait 1-2 months after a new camera has hit the streets before I decide to buy it. This gives time for the “honeymoon” to wear off.” (TeamSpeed)

2. “They’ve still held back on the burst capability (well, until they release a new firmware for the 70D in 2016!)
70D: 16 raw/65 jpg @ 7fps
7D: 25 raw/103 @ 8fps.

The view through the 7D is going to be nicer too:
70D viewfinder. 98% at 0.95x
7D viewfinder: 100% at 1.00x” (myphotographic)

3. “I have a 7D and wouldn’t sell it to go to a 70D however, some people who couldn’t quite justify a 7D may well be tempted with the 70D.” (Paulstw)

4. “Imo no one even Canon expects 7D users to buy this as an upgrade. It’s targeting different audiences.” (kin2son)

5. “The main thing lacking from the 70D as far as I can see is focus point expansion mode, which is a boon when shooting BIF, some features are attractive, but I shan’t be swapping the 7D for one, but I will be looking forward to see what the 7D2 offers.” (artyman)

6. “The 70d is a good upgrade to the 60d. Nothing more. The 7d is a different segment targeting more advanced photographers. It is also 4 years old now. Despite that, the 7d still holds a few trump cards over the new 70d. Most notably the
– AF options (Spot AF, AF expansion)
– Button function reassignments
– multi function top buttons
– CF card (SD is still slowwww)
– Robust body
– 1fps faster
– Deeper burst depth
– AF settings (not sure of the 70d might have this or castrated version)

Used/refurb prices on 7d is insanely good right now making it a better buy on my books.” (delhi)

Also check out this comparison as posted on

  • 20.2 vs. 18.0 megapixel sensor
  • ISO 100-12800, 25600 vs. 100-6400, 12800
  • Dual Pixel CMOS AF in Live View including Movie Servo AF vs. contrast-only
  • DIGIC 5 vs. Dual DIGIC 4
  • Approx. 98% viewfinder coverage vs. 100%
  • Approx. 0.95x viewfinder magnification vs. 1.00x
  • Touch screen 3.0″ (7.7cm) 3:2 Clear View II TFT, approx. 1040K dots vs. 3.0″ (7.5cm) Clear View II TFT, approx. 920K dots
  • Single Axis Electronic Level in Viewfinder vs. dual
  • 7 fps vs. 8 fps for 40 (JPEG), 15 images (RAW) vs. 130 (JPEG), 25 images (RAW)
  • Shutter Lag of 65ms vs. 59ms
  • Live View coverage of 98% vs. 100%
  • Missing Small RAW
  • SDHC vs. CompactFlash memory cards
  • 23 Custom Functions vs. 27
  • AFMA stored for 40 lenses vs. 20
  • Battery life of approximately 820 vs. 800 pictures
  • aluminium and polycarbonate resin with glass fiber vs. Magnesium Alloy body covers
  • Slightly smaller: 5.5 x 4.1 x 3.1″ vs. 5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9″ (139.0 x 104.3 x 78.5mm vs.148.2 x 110.7 x 73.5mm)
  • Slightly lighter: 26.7 oz vs. 32.2 oz (755g vs. 914g)
  • Built-in WiFi vs. expensive accessory
  • No PC Terminal Port
  • Has additional shooting modes
  • Not compatible with N3-series Remotes